Symbolic Horse Education Resources

Equine Phylogeny:

Relationships between living animals and horses.

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Photograph of one of the last living quaggas, extinct in the 19th century.

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Tougard, C., Delefosse, T., Hanni, C. and Montgelard, C. (2001) ‘Phylogenetic Relationships of the Five Extant Rhinoceros Species (Rhinoceratidae, Perissodactyla) Based on Mitochondrial Cytochrome b and 12S rRNA Genes.’ Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 19(1) pp 34-44.

Vilstrup, J.T., Seguin-Orlando, A., Stiller, M., Ginolhac, A., and Raghaven, M. (2013) ‘Mitochondrial Phylogenomics of Modern and Ancient Equids.’ PloS ONE 8(2) pp1-12

Weinstock, J., Willerslev, E., Sher, A., Tong, W. and Ho, S.Y.W. (2005) ‘Evolution, Systematics and Phylogeography of Pleistocene Horses in the New World:  A Molecular Perspective.’ PloS Biology 3(8) pp1373-1379

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